At a time when energy transition and climate issues are clearly emerging as major political and social concerns in the public debate in France, Orano wanted to question the French on how much they know about and how they perceive this energy and its industry. The results of this survey, carried out in partnership with group BVA, reveal perceptions that are still rooted with regard to the different impacts of nuclear energy, both in economic and environmental terms.
- For 54% of French people, the electricity mix of tomorrow will consist of nuclear energy and renewables.
- For 47% of French people, nuclear power is an asset for the country.
- The nuclear sector is also perceived as creating jobs by 56% of French people, a figure that rises to 67% among young people (18-24 year olds).
- 69% of French people think that nuclear energy contributes to GHG production and climate change.
- Nearly two in three (61%) French people are aware of the possibilities for recycling nuclear fuels used in power plants.
- more precise knowledge of the issues: while 69% of French people believe that nuclear contributes to climate change, this view is down by 14 percentage points (La Hague) and 8 percentage points (Tricastin/Melox) among residents living near the sites.
- a more positive image of the industry: while 47% of French people consider the nuclear industry to be an asset, 71% of residents around the La Hague sites and 62% of residents around Tricastin/Melox have a positive view of the industry and focus more on its contribution in terms of employment.
- a greater degree of confidence in the safety of nuclear sites: while 52% of French people rate the risk of accident as one of the main arguments against nuclear, 77% (for La Hague) and 68% (for Tricastin/Melox ) of local residents consider these sites as safe.
- concern shared with French people overall about management of nuclear waste, but also confidence in recycling: whereas for the majority of French people (56%) and equally for inhabitants close to the Orano sites (53% and 60%), management of nuclear waste remains a subject of concern, the great majority of French people (61% for the French overall and as many as 83% near La Hague) believe that recycling of used nuclear fuel is possible.
The survey was conducted by telephone from April 4 to 27, 2019, with a representative sample of the French population comprising 3,008 people aged 18 and over. Nationally, the survey was conducted with a sample of 2,405 people, allowing for an interpretation in each of the 12 metropolitan regions. The survey was duplicated at the local level, around the la Hague (301 respondents) and Tricastin/Melox (302 respondents) sites.